MR. WILLIAM C. UBAGAN CSP,LSO
Marketing Officer, CLM-CBIS Philippines
- A barrier or system of barriers placed between the potential intruder and the matter to be protected.
- Protective device against hazards, threat, vulnerability and risks.
FACTORS THAT BRING ABOUT INSECURE CONDITIONS
- THREAT. Positive inimical acts.
- HAZARDS. Passive inimical conditions.
- VULNERABILITY. Measure of how open is an establishment to intrusion, attack or injury.
- RISK. Probability of an event to happen that will lead to losses.
COMPREHENSIVE SECURITY PROGRAM
- Policies and Procedures. Statements of security goals and the required means of achieving them.
- Personnel. People to monitor, administer and implement the system.
- Barriers. Access control devices or structures.
- Equipment. Detection, alarm, communication and control systems.
- Records. Past incident reports, access records and transaction logs.
PERIMETER BARRIER [1ST LINE TO DEFENSE]
To deny or impede access or exit of unauthorized
- It defines the boundary of the property to be secured.
- It creates a physical and psychological deterrent to unauthorized entry.
- It delays intrusion, thus, facilitating apprehension of intruders.
- It assists in a more efficient and economical employment of guards.
- It facilitates and improves the control of pedestrians and vehicular traffic.
TYPES OF FENCING
TYPES OF PROTECTIVE ALARM SYTEM
- Local Alarm System
- Auxiliary System
- Central Station System
- Proprietary System
PURPOSES OF PROTECTIVE ALARM SYSTEM
- To economize.
- To substitute in place of other security measures.
- To supplement by providing additional controls.
2 MAIN PURPOSES:
- To create a psychological deterrent to intrusion.
- To enable detection.
4 TYPES OF PROTECTIVE LIGHTING
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PROTECTIVE LIGHTING
- It is relatively inexpensive to maintain.
- It will probably reduce need for security forces.
- It may provide personal protection for security forces by reducing the element of surprise by the intruder.
- It requires less intensity than working light.
FACTORS INVOLVED IN DETERMINING THE NEEDS OF PROTRECTIVE LIGHTING IN ANY PLANT
- Size, shape, character of the plant, and type of products.
- Location of plant (type of surroundings).
- Protective advantage of night lighting.
- Management policy.
BUILDING EXTERIORS [2ND LINE OF DEFENSE]
- Roof openings
- Fire escapes
INTERIOR CONTROL [3RD LINE OF CONTROL]
- ID System
- Restricted Areas
- Communication Systems
- Access Control
- Key Control
- Emergency Plans
- Generally of higher caliber as they receive higher wages.
- Generally, they provide better service.
- Can be trained to handle some of the more complex security duties.
- Less turnover.
- Are more familiar with facilities they protect.
- Tend to be more loyal to the company.
- Costs more.
- May be required to join a guard union.
- Problem of ensuring availability of back-up personnel.
- Less expensive.
- Use is convenient.
- Administrative and personnel problems less.
- User is relieved of all payroll-related responsibilities.
- Contractor assumes full responsibility for scheduling and supervising all guard personnel.
- Is able to obtain extra guards when needed.
- Security firm (agency) usually accepts liability in civil suits
- Lack of training.
- Low-caliber employees.
- No loyalty to the company (client).
- Project poor image.
- Large turnover.
- Not familiar with client’s premises.
THOUGHTS TO PONDER
“Security is everybody’s concern.”
“Security is not an inherent talent or capability of a person.”
“Expertise in security is the result of acquiring the right knowledge, skills, adequate experience and continuous learning.”