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MR. WILLIAM C. UBAGAN CSP,LSO

Marketing Officer, CLM-CBIS Philippines

 

DEFINITION

  • A barrier or system of barriers placed between the potential intruder and the matter to be protected.
  • Protective device against hazards, threat, vulnerability and risks.

FACTORS THAT BRING ABOUT INSECURE CONDITIONS

  • THREAT. Positive inimical acts.
  • HAZARDS. Passive inimical conditions.
  • VULNERABILITY. Measure of how open is an establishment to intrusion, attack or injury.
  • RISK. Probability of an event to happen that will lead to losses.

COMPREHENSIVE SECURITY PROGRAM

  • Policies and Procedures. Statements of security goals and the required means of             achieving them.
  • Personnel. People to monitor, administer and implement the system.
  • Barriers. Access control devices or structures.
  • Equipment. Detection, alarm, communication and control systems.
  • Records. Past incident reports, access records and transaction logs.

PERIMETER BARRIER [1ST LINE TO DEFENSE]

MAIN PURPOSE:

To deny or impede access or exit of unauthorized

OTHER PURPOSES:

  1. It defines the boundary of the property to be secured.
  2. It creates a physical and psychological deterrent to unauthorized entry.
  3. It delays intrusion, thus, facilitating apprehension of intruders.
  4. It assists in a more efficient and economical employment of guards.
  5. It facilitates and improves the control of pedestrians and vehicular traffic.

TYPES OF FENCING

  • SOLID
  • FULL-VIEW

Chain link

Barbed wire

Concertina

TYPES OF PROTECTIVE ALARM SYTEM

  • Local Alarm System
  • Auxiliary System
  • Central Station System
  • Proprietary System

PURPOSES OF PROTECTIVE ALARM SYSTEM

  1. To economize.
  2. To substitute in place of other security measures.
  3. To supplement by providing additional controls.

PROTECTIVE LIGHTING

2 MAIN PURPOSES:

  1. To create a psychological deterrent to intrusion.
  2. To enable detection.

4 TYPES OF PROTECTIVE LIGHTING

  • Continuous
  • Standby
  • Movable
  • Emergency

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PROTECTIVE LIGHTING

  1. It is relatively inexpensive to maintain.
  2. It will probably reduce need for security forces.
  3. It may provide personal protection for security forces by reducing the element of surprise by the intruder.
  4. It requires less intensity than working light.

FACTORS INVOLVED IN DETERMINING THE NEEDS OF PROTRECTIVE LIGHTING IN ANY PLANT

  1. Size, shape, character of the plant, and type of products.
  2. Location of plant (type of surroundings).
  3. Protective advantage of night lighting.
  4. Management policy.

BUILDING EXTERIORS [2ND LINE OF DEFENSE]

  • Walls
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Roof openings
  • Fire escapes

INTERIOR CONTROL [3RD LINE OF CONTROL]

  • ID System
  • Restricted Areas
  • Communication Systems
  • Access Control
  • Key Control
  • Emergency Plans
  • Guards

PROPRIETARY GUARDS

ADVANTAGES:

  1. Generally of higher caliber as they receive higher wages.
  2. Generally, they provide better service.
  3. Can be trained to handle some of the more complex security duties.
  4. Less turnover.
  5. Are more familiar with facilities they protect.
  6. Tend to be more loyal to the company.

DISADVANTAGES:

  1. Costs more.
  2. May be required to join a guard union.
  3. Problem of ensuring availability of back-up personnel.

CONTRACT GUARDS

ADVANTAGES:

  1. Less expensive.
  2. Use is convenient.
  3. Administrative and personnel problems less.
  4. User is relieved of all payroll-related responsibilities.
  5. Contractor assumes full responsibility for scheduling and supervising all guard personnel.
  6. Is able to obtain extra guards when needed.
  7. Security firm (agency) usually accepts liability in civil suits

DISADVANTAGES:

  1. Lack of training.
  2. Low-caliber employees.
  3. No loyalty to the company (client).
  4. Project poor image.
  5. Large turnover.
  6. Not familiar with client’s premises.

THOUGHTS TO PONDER

“Security is everybody’s concern.”

“Security is not an inherent talent or capability of a person.”

“Expertise in security is the result of acquiring the right knowledge, skills, adequate experience and continuous learning.”

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